The main objective of the government is to protect and serve its people. For the protection of the people the government has established many law enforcement agencies. Worldwide there are many law enforcement agencies which work together for the security of its people.These agencies have sworn members who put their lives in danger to protect us. Given below is a list of top 10 law enforcement agencies.
Top 10 Law Enforcement Agencies
10. SWAT (Special Weapons and Tactics)
Special Weapons and Tactics team is an aristocratic tactical unit. Daryl Gates an inspector of Los Angeles Police Department in 1968 established the first SWAT team. All the major cities of America and Canada have established their own aristocratic tactical unit with different names, at the federal and state-levels of government. In common these units are collectively referred as SWAT teams.
Trained for high-risk operation, the duties of these team members include counter-terrorism and hostage rescue operations; engaging heavily-armed criminals; serving high risk arrest and search warrants; and subduing barricaded suspects. Equipped with specialized firearms and equipment like sniper rifles, breaching shotguns, riot control agents, assault rifles, advanced night vision optics, entry tools, armored vehicles, motion detectors to detect the hostage takers and hostages positions inside the enclosed buildings.
9. CBP (US Customs and Border Protection)
A federal law enforcement agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security is the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), having its headquarters in Washington D.C. Assigned duties like enforcing U.S. regulations, regulating and facilitating international trade, collecting import duties, including trade, customs and immigration.
CBP has a workforce of 45,600 plus of sworn agents and officers. Their job is to prevent the terrorists and their weapons from entering into the country. They also nab the individuals who enter into the United States illegally.
8. NSA (National Security Agency)
The most secretive members of U.S. intelligence community are the National Security Agency (NSA) established in May 20 1949. NSA is a cryptologic intelligence agency; its main responsibilities are protecting U.S. government communications and information systems, collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign signals intelligence, which involves information security and cryptanalysis/cryptography.
A lieutenant general or a vice admiral directs the NSA. The U.S. Intelligence Community headed by the Director of National Intelligence has NSA as the main constituent. To give coordination for intelligence activities and c-operation between NSA and other U.S. military cryptanalysis agencies Central Security Service is used. NSA’s Director serves as the Chief of the Central Security Service and Commander of the United States Cyber Command.
7. ATF (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives)
The federal law enforcement organization of United States Department of Justice is called the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF). Prevention and investigating illegal trafficking of alcohol and tobacco products; acts of arson and bombings; unlawful use, unlawful manufacture and possession of firearms and explosives are some of the responsibilities of ATF.
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) also administers through the licensing the sale, transportation and possession of firearms, explosives and ammunition in interstate commerce. The acting Director of ATF is B. Todd Jones and Acting Deputy Director is Thomas E. Brandon. The annual budget of ATF is of $1.12 billion and nearly 5,000 employees.
6. DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration)
Established on 1st July 1973 by Reorganization Plan No.2 of 1973, the plan was signed by President Richard Nixon on 28 July 1973. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a law enforcement agency which comes under the United States Department of Justice.
Its task is to combat drug smuggling and its use in U.S. DEA can pursue and coordinate drug investigation
s abroad which are the sole responsibility of this agency. It is the lead agency of the controlled Substances Act, sharing concurrent jurisdiction with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for the domestic enforcement.
5. DHS (Department of Homeland Security)
The United States of Homeland Security (DHS) was created after Twin Towers were attacked on September 11. It is a cabinet department of the United States federal government.
Protecting the U.S. and its Territories (including Protectorates) from natural disasters, man-made accidents and terrorist attacks are its main responsibilities. This agency is equivalent to Interior ministries of other countries. It is the third largest department of the Cabinet with a 200,000 employees at present.
4. FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation)
The Bureau of Investigation (BOI) was established in 1908 and later its name was changed to Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 1935. It is a governmental agency which belongs to United States Department of Justice serving as federal criminal investigation body and an internal intelligence agency (counterintelligence). The crimes on Indian reservations in the United States are being investigated by the FBI.
More than 200 categories of federal crime are being investigated by this agency. Headquarters of this agency is the J. Edgar Hoover Building which is located in Washington, D.C. FBI has 56 field officers which are located in the major cities of the United States. Also it has 400 resident agencies in lesser cites in the U.S. “Legal attaches” is the name of the international offices which exist in U.S embassies and consulates general worldwide. These offices are more than 50 in number.
3. Interpol (International Criminal Police Organization)
INTERPOL established in 1923 as the ICPO – International Criminal Police Organization responsible for aiding international police cooperation. It is the 2nd largest intergovernmental organization in terms of member states with a 190 countries as its members. Through annual contributions it provides a finance of 59 million to its members. Its headquarters is in Lyon, France.
According to the Article 2 of its general provision of its constituents the agency has to promote and ensure mutual assistance between the criminal police authorities of all the countries within the limits of the laws of the countries and it also establishes institutions which contribute for the prevention and suppression of ordinary law crimes. The Article 3 states that it is strictly banned for the Organization to take any activities of a military, political, racial character or religious.
2. CIA (Central Intelligence Agency)
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was established under the National Security Act of 1974. It is an independent civilian intelligence agency of the U.S. government which reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence. Its responsibility is to provide national security intelligence assessment to the U.S. policymakers.
Sometimes CIA takes on covert and tactical activities at the request of President of the United States. These field operations are carried by U.S military or other warfare agents on behalf of CIA which oversees them. The main responsibility of the CIA is to collect intelligence-gathering. But to carry field operations other tactical divisions were established.
1. USSS (United States Secret Service)
A part of United States Department of Homeland Security, the United States Secret Service is a U.S.A’s federal law enforcement agency. On March 1, 2003, the USSS became the part of the United States Department of the Treasury.
Its main responsibilities are to ensure the safety of the political leaders and their families, like President, Vice President, past president, presidential candidates, visiting heads of states and foreign embassies. Also it investigates and prevents the imitation of U.S currency and U.S. treasury securities, and investigates major fraud.